BALI CULTURE INFORMATION

 

 
 
The Island Of Bali, Indonesia

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ADDITIONAL NOTES

Sanghyang. A variety of sanghyang is the sanghyang deling found in Kintamani and other villages around the crater of the Batur. The girls are put into the trance by means of two dolls representing the deities, strung through their middles by a cord, the ends of which are attached to >hort sticks tensely held by two boys. The string with the dolls is thus held taut in front of the two kneeling girls, songs are chanted, and the boys go into trance; their arms become rigid and commence to shake, causing the dolls to dance back and forth across the cord. As the boys shake more and more violently, the vibration increases and the dolls leap, whirl, and clash against each other. The girls have become drowsy and suddenly faint, going into the trance to be dressed and dance as in the ordinary sanghyang.

Another variety is the sanghyang djaran, in which the temple priest, the pemangku, becomes himself the sanghyang, possessed by an ancestral deity, a Gandarwa on horseback. We saw a pemangku in Bedulu go into the trance with two boys, his assistants, each riding on small prop horses and dancing in and out of a great blazing pile of burning coconut shells. The sanghyang djaran is reminiscent of a trance performance from Central Java called kuda kepang - men wearing dark glasses and riding on beautifully stylized horses woven out of bamboo.

SANGHYANG SONGS (gending sanghyang) :

1.Wan nusdus:
Merik sumunung asep, menyan madjegau, ia tjendana hukus mauIekan, ia lelinggan Betara Tiga; ia wus matinining, ia menusa ugasti pukulum, ia nurunan Dedari kendran, ia Sang Supraba, Tundjung Biru, ia Tundjung Bini, ia mengerangsuk mcanggoanggo, ia sesalukin badju mas-masan, ia tnelitjat miber magegana, ia mengelo ngadja-kanginan, ia djalan Dedari metangun djero, ia tamand bek misi sekar, ia sekar emas sandingin pudak,, angrek gringsing.

2.Nyaluk gelung:
Gelung, ia gelung agung, mebulingker ia sekar gadung, metitis Garuda mungkur, ia, sckar sempol, ia, sekar gambir, sandat gubar anggen susuu, merak mekuntjir kuning, payas dane ia mepulilit, mengigal tengahing natar, ia igal dane manggu-pipir, metandjek megulu wangsul.

3.Mangunan Sanghyang:
Sekar menuk mengedanin, ia ia putih, la ia ia ia puii h mengambiar, buka bintange diduur, bintang karti, bintang kartikane sedih; ia liyer, ia ia ia liyer, liyer, buka twara bakat ruruh, ruruh nudju, ruruh nudjci, gaIang sasih; ia ia lengkik, ia lengkik lengkik, sayang san munvin dasihe; dasih nika, dasih nika, tut kalanin, ia ia aduh! ia ia ia ia aduh mirah! Idcwa dadi pangelipur, lipuranda, lipuran Dedari kalc; ia ia lengkik, ia ia ia la lengkik, metandjek megulu wangsul.

4.Wus mengigal; meketis toya:
Dewa ayu metangi, Dewa metangi, djuru kidung sampun rauh mengambelang gending sanghyang; ih! Yang Yang Dedari munggah kepcsilih, ia la mider, ia mider, mider danc; aduh! Dewa Sang Ajui, ngambil, ia ngambil tirta sanggar agung, tirta empul, yeh ning Sudamala, sekar djepun angkitang ratna maduri, ia putjuk petak, teleng bini, iwa mekaria tirta, tirta ning sibuh mas, toya pemastu, pckarian saking Swarga, siratin Ragan I Dewa, raris ketisin djuru kidungc, wus meketis mantuk maring Inderaloka; Mesiram lungga kataman, wus mesiram, mesekar angrek saseh mepatuhan pemargine mulch; mantuk Dewa mantuk, mantuke ka Suralaya, mantuk maring ileh ileh, angin tarik, kurungania, waluya dadi rnanusa. Puput.

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