day the wandering mother, always in search of him, came
to GilingWesi accompanied by her sister Landap. The two
women were still beautiful and Watu Gunung became so impressed
by the strangers that he married both, having in due time
twenty-seven children by his mother .and aunt. By a scar
on the head of Watu Gunung, one day Sinta became aware of
the incest committed, and to avert disaster it was decided
that Watu Gunung had to marry the goddess Sri, the wife
of Wisnu, thus becoming himself like a god, free of the
curse on incest.
had the audacity to request her in marriage, but was, naturally,
refused, causinz Watu Gunung to declare war on the gods.
Wisnu took personal command of the armies sent to punish
his arrogance and finally defeatec Watu Gunung after obtaining
the secret of the magic that gave him his powers. To celebrate
the victory it was decreed that his twenty-seven sons be
killed, one every seven days. Sinta wept for seven days
and was received into heaven, so Wisnu added her name as
well as that of her sister Landap and of Watu Gunung to
the twenty-seven and established the thirty weeks as everlasting
signs of his victory.
Parallel and simultaneous to the seven-day week run the
other nine weeks - from the week of one day to one of ten
days - of which those of five, three, and six days are the
most frequently used by the people. The ten weeks are as
week, ekowara, in which every day is luang.
2-day week, duwiwara, the days of which are called: m'ga
and p'pat. 3-day week, triwara: paseh, beteng, kadjeng.
4-day week, tjaturwara: sri, laba, djaya, mandala.
5-day week, pantjawara: manis, paing, pon, wage, klion.
6-day week, sadwara: tungleh, ariang, urukung, paniron,
7-day week, saptawara: redite, soma, anggara, budda, wrespati,
8-day week, astawara: sri, indra, guni, yarna, ludra, brahma,
9-day week, sangawara: danggii, djangur, gigis, nohan, ogan,
erengan, urungan, tulus, dadi.
10-day week, dasawara: penita, pati, suka, duka, sri, manti,
menusa, eradja, dcwa, raksasa.
comes on the day budda-klion, week of dunggulan, when the
ancestral souls of those cremated receive offerings in the
temple, or in the cemetery for those still buried, while
the evil spirits are also givvn offerings, although thrown
on the ground. It is believed that the three days before
gaIunggan are dangerous and unholy because Batara Kala (or
Batara Galunggan ) then comes down to earth in the form
of Sanghyang tiga Wisesa to eat people.
ancestors go back on the day called ulihan bali (soma-klion,
kuninggan), but the offerings are renewed on the day tumpak
kuninggan (sanistjara-klion, kuninggan), ten days after
Galunggan day. This festival is, perhaps erroneously, called
the New Year of the wuku calendar, and, like nyepi, it falls
somewhere in the middle of the year and not in the week
of sinta, the first of the year.
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