The Island Of Bali, Indonesia



One day the wandering mother, always in search of him, came to GilingWesi accompanied by her sister Landap. The two women were still beautiful and Watu Gunung became so impressed by the strangers that he married both, having in due time twenty-seven children by his mother .and aunt. By a scar on the head of Watu Gunung, one day Sinta became aware of the incest committed, and to avert disaster it was decided that Watu Gunung had to marry the goddess Sri, the wife of Wisnu, thus becoming himself like a god, free of the curse on incest.

He had the audacity to request her in marriage, but was, naturally, refused, causinz Watu Gunung to declare war on the gods. Wisnu took personal command of the armies sent to punish his arrogance and finally defeatec Watu Gunung after obtaining the secret of the magic that gave him his powers. To celebrate the victory it was decreed that his twenty-seven sons be killed, one every seven days. Sinta wept for seven days and was received into heaven, so Wisnu added her name as well as that of her sister Landap and of Watu Gunung to the twenty-seven and established the thirty weeks as everlasting signs of his victory.

Parallel and simultaneous to the seven-day week run the other nine weeks - from the week of one day to one of ten days - of which those of five, three, and six days are the most frequently used by the people. The ten weeks are as follows:

1-day week, ekowara, in which every day is luang.
2-day week, duwiwara, the days of which are called: m'ga and p'pat. 3-day week, triwara: paseh, beteng, kadjeng.
4-day week, tjaturwara: sri, laba, djaya, mandala.
5-day week, pantjawara: manis, paing, pon, wage, klion.
6-day week, sadwara: tungleh, ariang, urukung, paniron, was, maulu.
7-day week, saptawara: redite, soma, anggara, budda, wrespati, sukra, sanistjara.
8-day week, astawara: sri, indra, guni, yarna, ludra, brahma, kala, uma.
9-day week, sangawara: danggii, djangur, gigis, nohan, ogan, erengan, urungan, tulus, dadi.
10-day week, dasawara: penita, pati, suka, duka, sri, manti, menusa, eradja, dcwa, raksasa.

Galunggan comes on the day budda-klion, week of dunggulan, when the ancestral souls of those cremated receive offerings in the temple, or in the cemetery for those still buried, while the evil spirits are also givvn offerings, although thrown on the ground. It is believed that the three days before gaIunggan are dangerous and unholy because Batara Kala (or Batara Galunggan ) then comes down to earth in the form of Sanghyang tiga Wisesa to eat people.

The ancestors go back on the day called ulihan bali (soma-klion, kuninggan), but the offerings are renewed on the day tumpak kuninggan (sanistjara-klion, kuninggan), ten days after Galunggan day. This festival is, perhaps erroneously, called the New Year of the wuku calendar, and, like nyepi, it falls somewhere in the middle of the year and not in the week of sinta, the first of the year.

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