there is not more than a few bones to be found, but even
these are collected and arranged as nearly as possible in
the form of the human body. These are wrapped in a bundle
of new white cloth and carried back to the house. It was
an eerie sight when on a rainy day the men of Pemetjutan
were opening the graves for a mass cremation, searching
the mud-filled trenches, cavorting and shouting with delight
at the discovery of a blackened jaw-bone or a femur,At home,
the bundle containing the remains is placed again on the
pavilion reserved for the corpse, now strewn with silks.
The remains are covered with many cloths bearing magic inscriptions,
over which are placed the offerings and the many ritual
accessories that symbolize or contain the dead man's soul.
Among these are the kekreb sinom, a sort of lattice of coconut
leaves with flowers in the crossings; and the ukur, a human
representation showing the proper position of the bones
Angenan usually simply kepengs (the bones) strung on ropes
of white yarn (the nerves) , but the prosperous use ukurs
made of silver or gold plaques representing the head, hands,
feet, and bones, held together by wires of the same metal.
These are used for display and are replaced by an ordinary
ukur of coins for the actual burning.
interesting accessory is the angenan, a curious structure
made of a ripe coconut filled with rice (the heart) as the
base of an upright stick surmounted by an elaborate structure
of coloured threads (the brains) and a little lamp made
of an eggshell (the soul) , supported by a bent piece of
rattan (the arm). This is supposed to commemorate the love
and remembrance of the dead person. Of great importance
is the kadjang, a sort of shroud, yards of white cloth covered
with cabalistic symbols drawn by the priest, who also writes
the ulantaga, the credentials by which the soul is admitted
into the swarga, inscriptions on little pieces of a sort
of tapa from Celebes, a specially prescribed paper made
of beaten tree-bark.
Offerings are made again to the sun, to Pradjapati, and
for the evil spirits. There are also special offerings for
the soul itself to take along on its trip to the beyond:
food for the soul, for its retinue, and for presents to
give out along its way. These are the ponguriagan, pisang
djati, nasi angkab, pandjang Ran, and bubuh pirata, the
essential cremation offerings.
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